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Eurasian skylark


Common name Eurasian skylark
Scientific name Alauda arvensis
Type Farmland birds
Status Wintering

Bird of small size (about 19 cm or 7.5 in), brown earth colour with dark streaks. Underparts of paler tones. Breast also striated. White edge of the wings and tail. Strong bill and long legs and tail. Small crest on the head and a pale facial mask on the face.


Cultivated areas

Where it lives

Species of open environments. Areas with no trees, pastures, cereal crops and low scrub (thyme, gorse and heath groves). Present from sea level to the high mountain.

How it lives

Bird mainly wintering in the province of Malaga but with two small breeding populations. The Eurasian Skylark makes several annual layings from March, of 3 to 7 eggs. Nest on the ground. Omnivorous feeding. It captures insects in summer and grains of cereal, seeds and herbs the rest of the year.

Where it can be seen in Malaga

Frequent species in the province. It can be observed in areas of crops of the plain of Antequera and in the northeastern region, around the humid areas of Campillos and Fuente de Piedra and in mountain areas with forest clearings as in the Sierra Palmitera or in the lowland areas of the Sierra de las Nieves. The breeding populations are located in the high areas of Sierra Tejeda and Sierra de las Nieves. In the Great Path it is present, among others, in stages 16, 17, 18 and 23.

Curious facts

Discreet and very territorial bird (although gregarious in winter) that defends its territory singing from a look-out post, like a raised stone on the pastureland. The fight for the territory starts when a male enters another one's zone. Then there begins a duel of songs and a later confrontation in which the males jump, fly in arcs and flap a lot, bristling the crest and the feathers of the breast. During the duel they threaten each other with specific calls until the loser emits a song of submission and drifts away from the territory.

Wintering Summer Resident Migration