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Eurasian crag-martin


Common name Eurasian crag-martin
Scientific name Hirundo rupestris
Type Cliff-nesting birds
Status Resident

Small bird (about 14 cm or 5.5 in) similar to a swallow, with brown and dun plumage but more clear underparts. Its tail is short and not forked, with white dots in the undertail. It is a bird that is normally seen in flight or perched at sunset in colonial roosts.


Urban and rocky environments

Where it lives

Rupicolous bird, present near steep, rocky areas and walls, bridges and urban constructions in rural surroundings.

How it lives

The Crag-Martin is a bird resident in Malaga all year round. The province also hosts wintering specimens. It breeds from May, making two annual layings of 3 to 4 eggs, and builds its nests in cracks in rock walls, under bridges, in tunnels and in rural buildings. It is a colonial bird although can also nest alone. It feeds on flying insects that hunts alone or in small groups.

Where it can be seen in Malaga

It is a common and usual bird in the province and can be observed in most stages of the Great Path, both in urban ones and in those that have rocky or riverine habitats.

Curious facts

Their communal roosts on ledges and cornices of buildings during the winter are very characteristic.

Wintering Summer Resident Migration