Small bird (about 12 cm or 4.5 in) similar in colour to the European Serin or the European Greenfinch. Green upperparts with yellow spots on the tail and stripes of the same colour on the wings. Males with black throat and cap. Yellow belly, cleared in a dirty tone towards the legs. Long and thin bill. Short and moderately forked tail when closed.
Mountain forest species, linked to pine and fir woods (Spanish firs in the province). During the winter also present in groves, fields and open agricultural landscapes.
Wintering species in the province, also present during the migratory passage. It breeds from April. Two annual layings of 3 to 5 eggs. Nest in tall branches of conifers. Granivore. It consumes seeds of these and other trees. Gregarious and common in mixed bands with other finches. It is a bird of treetops, more than its relatives the goldfinches or linnets, which prefer the ground and grass plants.
It is a relatively frequent bird in winter in the existing forest stands of conifers in the different mountains in the province. It is present in the Sierra de las Nieves, for example. In the Great Path it can be watched in stages 21, 22, 23, 28, 29, 31, 33 and 34.
The Spanish name of this bird ("lúgano") seems to be related to two meanings. On the one hand, in certain regions the birds that were frequent in the same place are called "lugareños" or "lúgaros". On the other, from the Latin "lucanus", birds that sing at dawn or with the aurora. Its scientific name comes from the ancient Greek ("spinos") and refers to a bird that was unknown among chaffinches (Fringilla), a genus inside of which this bird was classified in the past and to which it no longer belongs because it is more related to goldfinches.
- Altos de Hondonero
- El Alcázar - La Maroma
- El Cerro de Santi Petri
- GR 249. Stage 05: Nerja - Frigiliana
- GR 249. Stage 06: Frigiliana - Cómpeta
- GR 249. Stage 07: Cómpeta - Canillas de Aceituno
- GR 249. Stage 10: Alfarnatejo (Pulgarín Alto) - Alfarnate
- GR 249. Stage 21: Estación de El Chorro - Ardales
- GR 249. Stage 22: Ardales - El Burgo
- GR 249. Stage 23: El Burgo - Ronda
- GR 249. Stage 24: Ronda - Estación de Benaoján
- GR 249. Stage 28: Genalguacil - Casares
- GR 249. Stage 29: Casares - Estepona
- GR 249. Stage 31: Marbella - Ojén
- GR 249. Stage 33: Mijas - Benalmádena
- GR 249. Stage 34: Benalmádena - Alhaurín de la Torre
- GR 249. Stage 35: Alhaurín de la Torre - Málaga
- Llanos de Líbar
- Quejigales - Puerto de Los Pilones
- Refugio de Juanar
- Refugio del Juanar
- Tajos del Fraile, Doña Ana y Gómer
- Valley of the Guadalhorce River